The Bahá'í calendar, or Badí calendar, was first established by the Báb in the Kitáb-i-Asmá (The Book of Names). Bahá'u'lláh later confirmed the calendar. The calendar is made up of 19 months of 19 days each, with an intercalary day period of four days (five during leap years). The new year (Naw-Rúz) begins on the March 21st of the Gregorian calendar, but is tied to the Spring Equinox so it is possible that it could be celebrated on the 22nd of March in some years.
The Bahá'í calendar is currently tied to the Gregorian calendar, meaning that a given date on one will always coincide with a given date on the other. (For example, the 9th of Kalimát will always be equivalent to the 21st of July). This comes as a big relief to people designing hybrid calendars for the web. The Bahá'í Era, or Badí Era, began at sunset on March 20, 1844.
Each of the 19 months of the Bahá'í year was given one of the names of God from the Islámic tradition. The intercalary days are, as their name would suggest, separate and are not contained within any of the months. Each day of the month has the same name as the corresponding month (e.g. the ninth day of any Bahá'í month would be named Asmá, the twelfth would be named ‘Ilm, and so forth). The last month of the Bahá'í year is designated as a month of fasting. Fasting takes place from sunrise to sunset, during which no food or drink can be consumed.
|Calendar Dates||Bahá'í Month||Arabic||Translation|
|Mar 21 – Apr 8||Bahá||بهاء||Splendour|
|Apr 9 – Apr 27||Jalál||جلال||Glory|
|Apr 28 – May 16||Jamál||جمال||Beauty|
|May 17 – Jun 4||‘Aẓamat||عظمة||Grandeur|
|Jun 5 – Jun 23||Núr||نور||Light|
|Jun 24 – Jul 12||Raḥmat||رحمة||Mercy|
|Jul 13 – Jul 31||Kalimát||كلمات||Words|
|Aug 1 – Aug 19||Kamál||كمال||Perfection|
|Aug 20 – Sep 7||Asmá'||اسماء||Names|
|Sep 8 – Sep 26||‘Izzat||عزة||Might|
|Sep 27 – Oct 15||Mashíyyat||مشية||Will|
|Oct 16 - Nov 3||‘Ilm||علم||Knowledge|
|Nov 4 - Nov 22||Qudrat||قدرة||Power|
|Nov 23 - Dec 11||Qawl||قول||Speech|
|Dec 12 – Dec 30||Masá'il||مسائل||Questions|
|Dec 31 - Jan 18||Sharaf||شرف||Honour|
|Jan 19 - Feb 6||Sulṭán||سلطان||Sovereignty|
|Feb 7 - Feb 25||Mulk||ملك||Dominion|
|Feb 26 - Mar 1||Ayyám-i-Há (Intercalary Days)||ايام الهاء||The Days of Há|
|Mar 2 - Mar 20||‘Alá' (Month of fasting)||علاء||Loftiness|
Each day of the week has its own name. In the Bahá'í calendar, Friday is the day of rest. Coincidentally (or not) its name is "Independence". The week, in the Bahá'í calendar, is still seven days though, technically, it begins on Saturday and ends on Friday. In order to maximize utility and avoid considerable confusion, we have omitted this structure on the visual Bahá'í calendar.
|Days of the Week||Bahá'í Day||Arabic||Translation|
|Naw-Rúz (Bahá'í New Year)||March 21|
|First day of Riḍván||April 21|
|Ninth day of Riḍván||April 29|
|Twelfth day of Riḍván||May 2|
|Declaration of the Báb||May 23|
|Ascension of Bahá'u'lláh||May 29|
|Martyrdom of the Báb||July 9|
|Birth of the Báb||October 20|
|Birth of Bahá'u'lláh||November 12|
|Day of the Covenant||November 26||Yes|
|Ascension of `Abdu'l-Bahá||November 28||Yes|
There are eleven Holy Days in the Bahá'í calendar. Of these, there are nine on which work should be suspended. The only exceptions are the Day of the Covenant and the Ascension of `Abdu'l-Bahá.
Since Abdu'l-Bahá was born on the same day as the Declaration of the Báb, Bahá'ís commemorate and celebrate Abdu'l-Bahá's life on the Day of the Covenant. This was according to Abdu'l-Bahá's wishes. The Festival of Ridván is a celebration that commemorates Bahá'u'lláh's public declaration of His station as a Manifestation of God. The first, ninth and twelfth days of Ridván coincide with particular events that took place on those days.
The Bahá'í Nineteen Day Feast is an event that occurs at the beginning of every Bahá'í month. A Bahá'í Feast consists of three main components: spiritual devotion, administrative consultation, and fellowship.
Usually held at a community center or in a local Bahá'ís home, Feasts are restricted to members of the Bahá'í Faith, mainly because of the consultative aspects of the gathering.
The word "feast" suggests that a large meal will be served, but that is not necessary for a Bahá'í Feast. The use of the term "feast," in this case, means that the community should enjoy a "spiritual feast" of worship, fellowship and unity – although refreshments are usually available. Bahá'u'lláh spoke of the importance of the Nineteen Day Feast, saying that the the Bahá'í Feast is "to bind your hearts together," even if nothing more than water is served.